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Oxycodone Withdrawal and Detoxification

Once the addiction has developed, it can be a difficult task to quit the drug. Giving up addiction is not as simple as stop using the drug. In fact, recovering from drug addiction requires will power combined with extensive treatment. Although the process can be painful but the end results are worth the pain. A rehab or detox center can help facilitate the treatment process for addict. At Addiction Rehab Centers, each patient is assessed by a team of experts, for his mental and physical health and the other aspects of his addiction. A treatment plan is devised accordingly. It is important to keep individual needs of a patient in mind before subjecting him to treatment.

Symptoms of Oxycodone withdrawal:

Withdrawal symptoms are a number of physical and mental conditions that appear when the effect of the drug fades away. Because the mind of an addict, becomes dependent on the drug to function normally, it can no longer work normally without the drug. As a result, multiple unpleasant symptoms appear forcing the drug to go back to the use of drug. These symptoms can be both physical and psychological.

Physical withdrawal symptoms:

  • Body aches
  • Headaches
  • Abdominal cramps
  • Chills
  • Diarrhea
  • Nausea/vomiting
  • Excessive sweating
  • Itches
  • Body aches
  • Dilated pupils
  • Drowsiness
  • Elevated heart rate
  • Insomnia
  • Flu like symptoms such as runny nose and watery eyes
  • Restlessness
  • Disturbed sleep

Psychological withdrawal symptoms:

  • Anxiety
  • Agitation
  • Aggression
  • Irritability
  • Mood swings
  • Panic attacks
  • Cravings
  • Depression
  • Suicidal tendencies
  • Lack of concentration
  • Mental confusion

A patient may experience a few or all of these symptoms.  The intensity of these symptoms may also vary from mild to severe depending upon the dose and duration of abuse.

Oxycodone withdrawal timeline:

The duration of Oxycodone withdrawal may vary from one user to the other depending upon dosage and duration of abuse. The symptoms start to appear within a few hours of quitting the drug and reach to their peak values within first few days. Physical symptoms disappear within a few weeks while the psychological ones may persist for longer.

  • Days 1 and 2:Withdrawal symptoms start to appear within a few hours of quitting the drug. Physical symptoms such as muscle and joint pains, nausea and excessive sweating are frequently experienced by the patients. Most patients are likely to relapse during this period to avoid these painful symptoms.
  • Days 3 to 5:Intense symptoms of withdrawal appear by this time. Nausea, vomiting and muscle aches are still present. The patients also experience tremors and muscle cramps.
  • Days 6 and 7:By this time, physical withdrawal symptoms start to fade away. However, psychological symptoms are present with all their intensity. Symptoms like anxiety and depression exist.  Some lingering physical symptoms such as nausea and diarrhea may also be present.
  • Day 8 and on:Physical symptoms completely subside by this time. However, psychological ones combining with remorse and guilt may be present.

Even after successfully going through withdrawal period and detoxification, the risk of a relapse always stays. It is important to monitor the patient and equip him relapse prevention techniques.

Is it possible to die from Oxycodone withdrawal?

Although highly unlikely, but it is possible to die of Oxycodone withdrawal. It happens because some withdrawal symptoms, when not treated, may aggravate to such a level that death is resulted. During withdrawal and detox, the body uses all the possible means such as vomiting, diarrhea and perspiration to remove toxins. It can result into dehydration and death. Occasionally, some psychological symptoms may also intensify and the patient ends up doing self harm. Suicidal tendencies are often experienced by Oxycodone abusers after quitting the drug. It is important to monitor the patient throughout the process to ensure his safety and health. This is one of the reasons why it is highly recommended to go through withdrawal at a specified detox or rehab center under expert supervision.

Oxycodone detoxification:

Detoxification is a process of removal of harmful chemicals from the body after quitting the drug. It is a natural process with starts as soon as the drug is taken. The body starts metabolizing and removing the drug from the system. Oxycodone can be quit in two ways:

  • By gradually tapering off the drug
  • By going cold turkey or quitting the drug at once

Tapering off method maybe slow but it is much less painful. By going cold turkey, the withdrawal symptoms appearing are also more intense which may even prove to be fatal. Painful withdrawal symptoms may cause the patient to relapse. Relapsing at this point is more dangerous since tolerance of the body for the drug greatly decreases when it is quit. It is highly recommended to opt for a proper treatment program at a specialized treatment center under the supervision of experts.

Medications used during withdrawal:

Another reason why it is recommended to go through withdrawal at a detox center is that at a specialized facility, the process is aided by medications that help ease the pain. Some common symptoms used during withdrawal include:

  • Clonidine– It is used to ease physical withdrawal symptoms such as nausea and vomiting.
  • Suboxone– It is a combination of Buprenorphine and naloxone. It is used to ease withdrawal symptoms without producing the feelings of a drug high. It also helps in reducing cravings.
  • Naltrexone– Naltrexone is a frequently used drug during withdrawal and detox. It is an opioid antagonist which means it works in a way opposite to opioids. It blocks opioid receptors in the brain that bind with Oxycodone. As a result, the drug fails to produce its effects when consumed. Regular use of this drug can significantly help to restore the balance of brain chemicals back to normal.