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a woman knows she needs a fentanyl addiction treatment programFentanyl is a very potent and highly addictive drug. The risks of overdose are also very high with the use of Fentanyl. The drug in high doses causes severe respiratory depression and can lead to immediate death. From the start of 2000, the number of Fentanyl addicts is increasing in the US. Fentanyl addiction requires proper rehabilitation centers for the treatment. Thorough medical supervision is needed to closely monitor the patient and make his path towards the recovery process. Different substance abuse treatment options are given in combination for curing the addiction. The psychotherapies are also included with the detoxification process as per the relevant treatment protocols. It significantly reduces the relapse rates.

General Treatment Approach for Fentanyl Addiction

There are many addiction treatment options available for treating Fentanyl addiction. The various procedures employed for a safer and consummate recovery include the proper detoxification, immersive care, psychotherapies, and other counseling programs. The duration of the program is based on the severity of the addiction of an individual.

  • Detoxification process: The process of Fentanyl detoxification can take several days. It is the prime and most crucial step of the treatment program. During the process of detoxification, an individual faces withdrawal symptoms. Medicines are given to control those withdrawal symptoms. The detoxification process helps the body to get rid of the accumulated drug. It is followed by other therapies to ensure a proper recovery.
  • Inpatient Treatment Facilities: It is also known as residential treatment. The patient is kept inside the rehabilitation center for a certain time duration, depending on the patient’s condition. The minimum duration is 28 days, but it is extended as per the patient’s requirements, up to 90 days. The patient is periodically assessed to measure the treatment progress and tailor the duration accordingly. The patient has to stay full-time in the facility, it provides excellent accountability, and the recovery success rates are significantly higher with the inpatient treatment facilities. 24 hours supervision is provided at the inpatient facilities.
  • Outpatient treatment facilities: The outpatient program allows the patient to stay at his home and continue the daily office or school routine. There are few hours allocated for the treatment for which the person has to visit the facility. Usually, there are 2 to 8 days every week. The outpatient treatment facilities, though they seem more convenient, aren’t suitable for every person. It is associated with lesser accountability, and the chances of poor recovery are also high. Moreover, this program is only suitable for people with high motivation and strong family and friends support. The outpatient program is less costly than the inpatient program.

Use of Behavioral Therapies

The residential facilities also provide high-quality counseling therapies for the patients. The following therapies are utilized for an effective recovery:

  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy: This allows the practical approach towards problem-solving. These therapies help the patient to change his thinking pattern from a negative to a more positive side.
  • Motivational Interviewing (MI): It works on ways to provide a solution for various addiction-related issues. The denial of being addicted and the resistance to the addiction treatment is also catered in the therapy. The purpose is to make the person motivated towards changing his mindset and lifestyle.
  • Dual Diagnosis: This is the treatment for those having a concurrent mental problem like extreme anxiety, depression, mood swings, and delusional behavior. It demands a separate treatment program.

Aftercare Programs

This is the treatment program that continues after the patient has finished his rehabilitation program. The services included are the counseling therapies and the ongoing therapies. There are different formats for the aftercare programs. Most of them comprise group sessions, relapse prevention techniques, and improvement of relationship skills. There are about 5 days per week, and then you can reduce the number by following the progress rate. Other issues like self-esteem and social problems are also addressed during these programs, especially in adolescent addicts. Family therapy is also included in the aftercare programs. It has been observed that the relapse rates are fewer with those who actively attend the aftercare programs.

Use of Medications for the Treatment of Fentanyl Addiction

The medications can make the process of Fentanyl detoxification relatively easy for the patients. The following medicines are prescribed by the doctor. Medicines are not free from the risk of side effects. They should be taken only under proper medical supervision. Some of the medications used include:

  • Methadone: It is used as a substitute for Fentanyl. Methadone is usually given to patients having high tolerance levels, which are a very common cause in Fentanyl addicts.
  • Buprenorphine: The drug has similar effects when it binds to the opioid receptors. It helps to reduce the intense craving and symptoms of withdrawal.
  • Suboxone: It is a form of Buprenorphine that contains a substance called Naloxone. The drug can’t be abused because the person injects it. Serious withdrawal symptoms will be experienced by the patient.
  • Clonidine: The drug relieves the symptoms of withdrawal like cramping, runny nose, excessive sweating, and anxiety

Relapse Prevention Techniques

Some techniques can be adopted to reduce the relapse rates. The foremost is proper nutrition. It helps to replenish the depleted body resources. Taking adequate sleep is also very important to detoxify the body and improve the positive balance in the body. Exercise and yoga should be made a part of the routine. It only demands 15-20 minutes a day but helps the body to achieve many positive effects. The holistic lifestyle approach should be adopted, which involves mindfulness, positive thinking, recycling energy, and meditation.

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