Codeine is a popular drug that doctors commonly prescribe to manage different pain levels, mild, moderate, or severe. It is also available in syrup form as an ingredient for cough suppressants and painkillers. Codeine belongs to the class opiates, which are narcotic drugs. Other opiates may include oxycodone, morphine, and heroin. The discovery of codeine was a revolution in the field of analgesics and antitussives. However, experts quickly noticed the addictive potential of codeine. As a result, the pharmaceutical companies and drug manufacturers started adding warning labels on the over-the-counter medicines containing the drug. Cough syrups containing codeine are available under the brand names’ Robitussin’ ‘Maxiflu CDX’ and ‘Maxiflu CD.’ The drug has a significant addictive and toxic potential. The misuse or taking inappropriate doses of codeine can lead to addiction, overdose, or even death. A codeine addiction treatment program becomes mandatory in these cases. To learn about our services, contact Addiction Rehab Centers today at 844.910.0686.
What Is Codeine?
Codeine is an opiate drug that is used as a painkiller or cough medicine. Tablets, syrups, and injections are the three forms in which the drug is available in stores. It is a significant ingredient of the cough syrups, commonly in a codeine and promethazine combination. People may use it for the treatment of diarrhea and irritable bowel syndrome. The drug has the following medicinal uses:
- Pain management
- Cough treatment
- Pain relief of cancers
The doses of codeine may vary according to the patients’ needs for pain management. People often abuse it due to its easy availability as an over-the-counter medication.
How Does Codeine Work?
Research shows that codeine is similar to morphine. The drug binds to the receptors in the brain that are responsible for transmitting the pain signals. It reduces pain signals by binding to those receptors and gives the patient a higher tolerance to pain. The drug also causes drowsiness, sedation, and depressed breathing.
What Are the Dosage Amounts for Codeine?
The dosage of codeine varies according to the patient’s needs.
- For pain management, a person may take 15-60 mg every 4 hours. The dose should not exceed 360 mg in 24 hours.
- For a cough, a doctor may prescribe 15-30 mg every 5 to 6 hours. The dose will never exceed above 120 mg in 24 hours.
If you’re concerned about your codeine dosage, please talk to your doctor.
Is It Possible to Overdose on Codeine?
The use of codeine usually begins with smaller doses, but some people keep extending the amount beyond the prescribed limits from the doctor. The overdose of codeine can be hazardous. The overdose isn’t a problem occurring just in the cases of severe addiction, but many times, it also happens while casually abusing the drug. The overdose can be fatal as the drug also acts on the respiratory centers and depresses the respiratory rates. Hypoxia develops, which can be severe enough to the level of no oxygen supply to the vital organs, and eventually, death occurs. The various signs and symptoms of codeine overdose are as follows:
- Slowed breathing
- Cold and clammy skin
- Depressed brain activity
Is Codeine Addictive?
Like many other substances, codeine is very addictive. It reduces the transmission of pain signals through the different body parts and suppresses a dry cough. However, if a person takes an improper dose, a codeine high can occur. This effect is similar to the high produced by the use of heroin and other similar opioids. In addition, it makes the user keep abusing the drug until the level of addiction develops; the brain keeps craving for the similar euphoric effects produced by the use of codeine. The addiction develops slowly with some people and much quicker with others.
A mental addiction can even develop after the first consumption of an improper dose of codeine. It is also classified as a Schedule 2 drug, which means it has medical use, but there is a high potential for abuse and addiction. The exact classification of codeine depends on its composition. Syrups containing codeine in combination with other substances can fall in the category of schedule 3 and schedule 4 drugs.
Common Codeine Drug Combinations
The drug is often prescribed with other pain relievers to manage pain in severe cases effectively. Codeine is illicitly combined with other drugs by abusers to achieve the intensified effects. This is a dangerous practice as it can quickly lead to an overdose. The common drug combinations of codeine include:
- Cough syrups along with alcohol intake
- Cough syrups along with marijuana intake
- Cough syrup and purple drank
Seek Treatment at Addiction Rehab Centers
At Addiction Rehab Centers, we’re committed to providing the best possible treatment for those requiring codeine addiction treatment in Indiana. For more information, please contact our team today at 844.910.0686.