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Warning Signs, Symptoms and Side Effects of Bath Salts Abuse:

The Bath Salts are a new type of addictive drugs which have hit the streets. Bath Salts have no association with the bathing as depicted by their names. They are named so because of their physical appearance that resembles with the products that are used as the soothing agents in the bathing products. They are also unlawfully sold as plant foods, jewelry cleaners, and screen cleaners. Bath Salts have now been regarded as illegal in the United States. They aren’t an item for the human consumption. They have the stimulating properties like amphetamine and cocaine. The bath salts can be snorted, ingested or injected. A variety of chemicals is being used in the production of bath salts. These include cathinone; pyrovalerone, mephedrone, and methylenedioxypyrovalerone. These are the most common constituents of bath salts but various other chemicals are also used as bath salts. The most dangerous side-effects are produced due to snorting or injecting the drug.

Bath Salts are the strong stimulants and are mostly sought by the people who are already abusing cocaine and methamphetamine. The level of reward and pleasure chemicals gets augmented such as dopamine, epinephrine, and nor-epinephrine.  Bath Salts are the strongly addictive agents with the potentials of developing intense cravings. Even when the person becomes aware of the harmful effects of bath salts, the high cravings make him unable to stop the drug unless properly assisted.

Table of Contents:

Signs and Symptoms of Bath Salts Abuse:

The signs and symptoms of Bath Salts abuse are the warning signs that show the severity of disturbed body functions. The most common signs and symptoms of Bath Salts addiction include the following.

Physical Signs and Symptoms:

  • Rapid Heart Rate
  • An Increase in blood pressure.
  • Jitteriness
  • Chest pain.
  • Muscle tension.
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • High body temperature or chills
  • Insomnia
  • Kidneys pain.
  • Impaired motor functions
  • Reduced appetite.
  • Seizures
  • Coma.

Physiological signs and symptoms

  • Paranoia
  • Confusion
  • Anxiousness
  • Suicidal Ideations.
  • Depression
  • Panic Attacks
  • Hallucinations

Behavioral Signs and Symptoms:

  • SUD or Substance use Disorders: These are the set of behavioral or mental disorders that are developed due to drug abuse for the longer durations. Repetitive adverse consequences develop such as an inability to meet the work or family requirements, interpersonal conflicts, and the legal issues.
  • Poor maintenance of relationships:The addict is unable to take care of his near and dear ones. The poor and paranoid mental state of an addict leads to an improper judgment.
  • Family conflicts: The personality of addict becomes aggressive. There had been reported cases when the bath salts addict physically harmed the family members over little issues.
  • Poor Routine: The bath salt addict becomes insomniac and acrophobic. He can’t live a normal life.
  • Violent Behavior: There have been many reported cases of violence by people who were abusing the bath salts. An incident is reported where the addict killed his wife, and then the children. The mental capacity becomes so impaired that no reasonable judgments can be made by the addict.
  • Erratic Behaviors: The bath salts raise the body temperature to an intensely high level. The addict tries to tear off his clothes even if he is in the public places. The ratio of suicidal attempts among the bath salt addicts is very high. They don’t listen to any commands if someone tries to explain or stop them. The violence may be to an extent of killing the other person.
  • Financial Problems:The person develops the acute withdrawal symptoms, which initiates the intense craving for the drug. His all money is spent in buying more of the drug in order to avoid those withdrawal symptoms.
  • Self-mutilation: The severe pain, anger or frustration caused by the addiction leads to the deliberate acts of harming his body. This could be in the form of burning, hitting, and cutting, carving wounds or piercing. The tendency of self-harm is very high among the bath salts addicts.

Side Effects of Bath Salts Abuse:

The biggest side effect is the higher levels of addiction caused by the chemical. The bath salts have properties simulating the cocaine, so the side-effects are also similar. Some of those side-effects include:

  • Dilated pupils
  • Tachycardia
  • Heart attack
  • Stroke
  • Palpitations
  • Hypertensions
  • Bizarre Behavior
  • Psychosis
  • Ulcers
  • Mood disorders
  • Malnutrition
  • Depression
  • Incoordination

Another notorious side effect produced by the use of bath salts is development of mood disorders. They can be so adverse that they can force the addict towards the suicidal attempts. The extreme anxiety, depression, and delirium may lead to the cases of self-mutilation.

Bath salts addiction and treatment:

The bath salt addiction is not only harmful to the addict but also for the people in the surroundings. If the above signs and symptoms are noted, an immediate step should be taken for the treatment. The risks of self-mutilation and suicides are so high that a little delay can lead to the loss of a loved one. There are only two ways in which an addiction can be cured. Either the addict should himself try to stop taking the drug or the medical team should assist the recovery process. First one is only possible when the withdrawal symptoms are milder. Often the cases of bath salts addiction land in the emergency departments due to severely disturbed mental or physical states. Other important aspects of treatment programs include the therapy sessions, lifestyle modification skills and support programs.