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Signs, Symptoms and Side Effects of Adderall Abuse

Signs, Symptoms and Side Effects of Adderall Abuse

Adderall is a trade name for amphetamines in combination with dextroamphetamine. The drug has the stimulating properties that lead to increased alertness and attentiveness. This is the reason it is abused by a wide population of students. The doses prescribed by the doctors are the low and are gradually increased depending upon the condition of the patient. These don’t cause the addiction or overdose. The abuse of Adderall means:

  • Taking it in doses higher than recommended
  • Inhaling or snorting the medicine
  • Taking it frequently, more than recommended amounts

The tolerance to this drug is developed within a few days. After which, the same amount of drug doesn’t produce the required effects. The abuser keeps increasing the dose of this drug in order to attain the desired effects. This results into addiction and appearance of a number of signs and symptoms of the drug abuse.

Signs and Symptoms of Adderall Abuse:

The abuse of Adderall is associated with a number of physical and mental signs and symptoms.

Physical signs and symptoms:

  • Headache
  • Dry mouth
  • Nausea
  • Digestive issues
  • Upset stomach
  • Reduced appetite
  • Diarrhea
  • Rapid heartbeat
  • Shortness of breath

Mental signs and symptoms:

The levels of excitability of neurons get changed due to the higher doses of this drug, which results into the following manifestations:

  • Hallucinations
  • Confusion
  • Delirium
  • Panic attacks
  • Social Withdrawal
  • Aggression
  • Over-sleeping

Behavioral and social signs of Adderall abuse:

The Adderall Addiction leads to the development of an addicted personality. This demands a proper treatment in a rehabilitation center. These changes are easily noticeable by those living in the vicinity of an addict. Certain behaviors that are characteristic of an Adderall addict include:

  • Secretive behavior:The activities of an Adderall addict become secretive as he tries to hide his addiction. He acts weirdly and develops a social insecurity. He lies when questioned about his behavior.
  • Aggression: The addict behaves aggressively especially when the experiences withdrawal symptoms. Lack of availability of the drug can make him more irritable. He is also more likely to get into dangerous situations such as fights.
  • Confusion:The behavior of such a person is confused and obnoxious. He can’t understand the technical or complex matters. He lacks the interest in the household or business matters.
  • Poor relations:The addiction makes him incapable of maintaining good relationships with family and friends. His dependence on the drug and the symptoms attached don’t allow him to live a normal life.
  • Forgetfulness: The drug acts on the central nervous system to stimulate it. The prolonged over-use deteriorates the mental functions and the memory.
  • Irresponsibility: Much of the time of an addict is spent on buying and consuming the drug. His only worries are the timely availability of the drug. He ignores all other important matters and aspects of life.
  • Poor performance:The withdrawal symptoms and the over dosage makes the mind and body of an addict less capable of performing the regular tasks efficiently. The mind and body work only for a very short duration after he takes the drug. The tolerance starts to develop thereafter and he starts craving for more drug.
  • Financial problems:All the money is spent on purchasing the drug as he starts taking the drug more frequently.

Long-term side effects of Adderall Abuse:

The long-term side effects develop when the drug is abused for prolonged durations. These long-term consequences are difficult to inhibit and control. Along with other side-effects, one of the major problems produced due to Adderall abuse are cardiovascular problems. The Adderall is a stimulant so prolonged stimulation of heart may lead to some permanent changes in its musculature and vasculature. This can aggravate the established diseases or the ones underlying in their initial stages. Some of the long-term adverse effects of Adderall abuse are:

  • Weakness in arms or legs
  • Numbness in arms or legs
  • Difficult speech
  • Dizziness
  • Chest pain
  • Hives
  • Blistering
  • Rashes
  • Visual problems
  • Mania
  • Paranoia
  • Seizures
  • Hallucination
  • Confusion
  • Increased blood pressure
  • Increased heart rate

Adderall Overdose and treatment:

There is a set dose of a drug which is prescribed by the doctors. The initial dose is 5 or 10 mg which is adjusted according to the disease but is not increased above 40 mg. The children are likely to overdose if not properly monitored by the adults. The adults who use this drug for recreational purposes are also prone to ingest or snort a larger amount for the amplified effects which may instantly develop the overdose symptoms. The treatment is possible if the patient is brought to the hospital in time. An initial stomach wash is done followed by the administration of charcoal, and then symptomatic medicines are given to reduce the neuronal excitability which get gravely stimulated due to the Adderall overdose.

Adderall addiction and treatment:

The unjustified use of Adderall for longer time durations leads to the development of an addiction. The Adderall addiction and withdrawal symptoms are difficult to control by the addict himself. He understands that he has made his body and mind dependent upon a drug which is now causing the adverse effects but he can’t cure this disease solely by himself. He needs an assistance to get relief from this addiction. The rehabilitation centers serve the perfect job of treating the Adderall drug addicts.