Fentanyl Addiction Treatment and Rehabilitation

Fentanyl Addiction Treatment and Rehabilitation

Fentanyl is a very potent and highly addictive drug. The risks of overdose are also very high with the use of Fentanyl. The drug in high dose causes a severe respiratory depression and can lead to an immediate death. From the start of 2000, the numbers of Fentanyl addicts are increasing in the US.  Fentanyl addiction requires proper rehabilitation centers for the treatment. A through medical supervision is needed to closely monitor the patient and make his path towards the recovery process. There are different treatment options that are given in combination for curing the addiction.

Table of Contents:

General Treatment Approach for Fentanyl Addiction:

There are many treatment options available for treating Fentanyl addiction. The various procedures that are employed for a safer and consummate recovery include the  immersive care, psychotherapies, and other counseling programs. The duration of the program is based on the severity of the addiction of an individual.

  • Inpatient Treatment Facilities:It is also known as the residential treatment. The patient is kept inside the rehabilitation center for certain time duration depending on the patient’s condition. The minimum duration is 28 days but it is extended as per the patient’s requirements, up to even 90 days. The patient is periodically assessed to measure the treatment progress and tailor the duration accordingly. The patient has to stay full time in the facility, it provides an excellent accountability and the recovery success rates are significantly higher with the inpatient treatment facilities. 24 hours supervision is provided at the inpatient facilities.
  • Outpatient treatment facilities: The outpatient program allows the patient to stay at his home and continue the daily office or the school routine. There are few hours allocated for the treatment for which the person has to visit the facility. Usually, there are 2 to 8 days every week. The outpatient treatment facilities though seem more convenient aren’t suitable for every person. It is associated with a lesser accountability and the chances of poor recovery are also high. Moreover, this program is only suitable for people having high a motivation and strong family and friends support. The outpatient program is less costly than the inpatient program.
  • Use of Behavioral therapies:The residential facilities also provide the high-quality counseling therapies for the patients. The following therapies are utilized for an effective recovery.
  1. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy:This allows the practical approach towards the problem-solving. These therapies help the patient to change his thinking’s pattern from a negative to a more positive side.
  2. Motivational Interviewing (MI):It works on the ways to provide a solution for various addiction-related issues. The denial of being addicted and the resistance to the addiction treatment is also catered in the therapy. The purpose is to make the person motivated towards changing his mindset and the lifestyles.
  3. Dual Diagnosis:This is the treatment for those having a concurrent mental problem like extreme anxiety, depression, mood swings and the delusional behavior. It demands a separate treatment program.
  • After-Care Programs:This is the treatment program that continues after the patient has finished his rehabilitation program. The services included are the counseling therapies and the ongoing therapies. There are different formats for the aftercare programs. Most of them comprise of group sessions, relapse prevention techniques, and improvement of relationship skills. There are about 5 days per week and then you can reduce the number by following the progress rate. Other issues like self-esteem and social problems are also addressed during these programs especially in the cases of adolescent addicts. A family therapy is also included in the aftercare programs. It has been observed that the relapse rates are fewer with those who actively attend the aftercare programs.

Use of Medications for the Treatment of Fentanyl Addiction

The medications can make the process of Fentanyl withdrawal relatively easy for the patients. The following medicines are prescribed by the doctor. Medicines are not free from the risk of side effects. They should be taken only under a proper medicinal supervision.

  • Methadone:It is used as a substitute for Fentanyl. Methadone is usually given to patients having high tolerance levels which are a very common case in the Fentanyl addicts.
  • Buprenorphine: The drug has similar effects when it binds to the opioid receptors. It helps to reduce the intense craving and symptoms of the withdrawal.
  • Suboxone:It is a form of Buprenorphine which contains a substance called Naloxone. The drug can’t be abused because if the person injects it, serious withdrawal symptoms will be experienced by the patient.
  • Clonidine:The drug relieves the symptoms of withdrawal like cramping, runny nose, excessive sweating and anxiety

Relapse Prevention Techniques

There are some techniques that can be adopted to reduce the relapse rates. The foremost is the proper nutrition. It helps to replenish the depleted body resources. Taking adequate sleep is also very important to cleanup the body and improve the positive balance in the body. Exercise and yoga should be made a part of regular routine. It only demands 15-20 minutes of a day but helps the body to achieve many positive effects. The holistic lifestyle approach should be adopted which involves mindfulness, positive thinking, recycling of energy, and meditation.