Bath Salts Addiction Treatment and Rehabilitation

Bath Salts Addiction Treatment and Rehabilitation

Bath Salts are the drugs known to produce various harmful effects in the users. Its highly addictive potentials have been reported by its users. The synthetic material Cathinone is a stimulant, which is found in a Khat plant. Small packets of white crystalline powder are sold with the name of ‘bath salts’. These are notorious for producing the harmful effects that can be severely damaging even with the first use. The drug acts on the neuronal pathways in the brain and alters its functioning, resulting in the addiction. Once the chemical dependency on this drug develops, it is almost impossible to stop the use of this drug. A proper treatment program is mandatory for the recovery of bath salts addiction.

Table of Contents:

General Treatment Approaches for the Bath Salts Addiction:

The treatment for addiction is completed in the three major steps. The first stage is the assessment and evaluation. Detailed physical and psychological examinations of the addict are done at the rehabilitation centers. The results are used for deciding the duration of the treatment programs.

Inpatient Treatment Facilities: For the inpatient treatment program, the person will be admitted to the rehabilitation centers. It provides the efficient and timely treatment approaches for the substance abuse. The inpatient treatment programs have the higher sobriety rates due to the continuous medical supervision. The usual program lengths include thirty days, sixty days or ninety days. The length is customized according to the patient’s condition. A higher recovery rate is reported with the use of inpatient treatment facilities. At Addiction Rehab Centers, advanced techniques are used to assist the process of recovery.

Outpatient Treatment Facilities: Many persons who can’t neglect the school or work responsibilities, are offered the outpatient treatment program. This provides the freedom to the patient to stay at home during the treatment process. The outpatient programs are suitable for persons with milder addiction. The length of this program is usually three to four days a week and two to four hours per day. Some are the basic counseling programs and others are the intense programs involving two or three treatment protocols. The success rates of this program are proportional to the motivations levels and the commitment of patients to recovery.

Use of Behavioral Therapies: The three types of therapies that are offered to the patients include emotional therapy, behavioral therapy, and the psychological therapy. The aim of these therapies is to do behavioral conditioning in order to enable the person to live a normal sober life. The various therapies include:

  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
  • Contingency Management Intervention
  • Community Enforcement Approach
  • Motivational Enhancement Therapy
  • Behavioral Therapy
  • Family therapy

These therapies are targeted to modify the behavioral patterns of the person to achieve a better and lifelong recovery.

After Care Programs: The higher relapse rates are reported with bath salts addiction after the treatment is completed. The relapse can last for two-three weeks or up to a lifetime, after receiving the initial rehabilitation therapy. Therefore, the aftercare programs are regarded as pivotal for the recovery process. The various aftercare programs include the individual therapy, group therapy and counseling, a twelve step program, and a non-twelve step program. The participation in any of these aftercare programs increases the likelihood of living the rest of life normally.

Medications for the Treatment of Bath Salts Addiction:

There are currently no approved medicines to treat the bath salts dependence. The medical professionals, however, use the following medications to mitigate the serious symptoms of withdrawal that occur during the recovery process.

  • Benzodiazepines: The Benzodiazepines are used to treat the intense anxiety or agitation associated with the withdrawal.
  • Antipsychotics: The use of bath salts causes the psychosis relating to its high stimulating properties. These symptoms start to appear shortly after stopping the drug. The severity depends on the duration of drug abuse. The careful administration of antipsychotics is undertaken to abate these symptoms. The dose is kept as lower as possible because it has the potential of lowering the threshold of seizures.
  • Other medicines that can be used include the painkillers and antiemetics, depending upon the symptoms of the patients.

Relapse Prevention Techniques:

The relapse rates can be reduced by adopting the holistic lifestyle approach. Proper nutrition and sleep are the most important entities for the healthy mind and body. A nutritious and healthy diet can ward off the negative balances produced due to the drug. Proper sleep also helps to regulate the appropriate endocrine balance in the body and levels of various chemicals in the brain. Some other effective approaches that must be made a regular part of daily routine include:

  • Yoga: The Yoga involves the various breathing and the stretching techniques that can be easily practiced many times a day. These help to manage the stress, cause a reduction in the possible cravings, and improve the overall mental health.
  • Mindfulness Meditation: It involves the concept that allows the people to recognize and combat the potential triggers. It makes the person self-aware and capable of fighting the negative influences.
  • Aerobic Exercise: The aerobic exercise of 15 minutes daily can speed up the recovery process. It not only relieves the levels of stress but also improves the blood circulation for the appropriate functioning of various body organs.