The key to determine if someone you love needs cocaine addiction treatment is to be aware of the symptoms of cocaine abuse. Usually the way to get people who are addicted (or “dependent” if you prefer to be politically correct) the help they need to recover, is by encouraging them to seek help. When they realize that their habit has become quite obvious, many a time this will inspire them to change. The short term obvious symptoms of cocaine abuse which you will possibly notice are expanded pupils, red and or runny nose, loss of appetite, loss of weight, hyper-activeness, inability to concentrate, profuse sweating, dehydration, and diarrhea. Long term symptoms which come along with addiction lead the person to become oblivious of job requirements, family, and loved ones in the quest for the next high. Long term effects include heart attacks and strokes that occur as a result of constricted blood vessels and a high blood pressure working against each other at the same time. Many cocaine abusers take cocaine to become alert or to stay alert by taking it in small doses. This leads them to become energetic, talkative, euphoric, and show signs of sleeplessness. These symptoms outstand and become prominent when the users do not remain this way usually. Large amounts of cocaine can lead to erratic, bizarre, and violent behavior. Other signs of usage of large amounts of cocaine could be tremors, vertigo, paranoia, and muscle twitches. Cocaine is a drug which creates a short term high, it can often be consumed during the work break or lunch hour. If you see someone who is twitching and looking at his skin while blinking his eyes and looking around like “what is going on” then he has probably just felt the initial high. When cocaine is administered in large amounts, the blood pressure rises and the pulse rate increases while the blood vessels constrict and the abusers feel like their skin is crawling. Usually they will be trying to rub their hair down because, to them, it feels like their hair are standing on the end. Frequent abuse of cocaine can lead to a change in personality. The user will become insensitive, will see many serious things as superficial, and will often become aggressive to supervision or when someone is trying to help them. The long term effects of cocaine abuse usually lead to lack of self esteem, lack of personal hygiene and lack of interest in family and friends. Not to account for the physical long term side effects like, blood clots in the heart, intestines and in the brain. The constriction of blood vessels which supply the brain causes destruction of the brain cells. Usually this results in loss of concentration and memory impairment. Although there is a difference between experimenting with drugs and being dependent on them, both should be addressed immediately. Experimentation can quickly become a habit which can rapidly turn into a serious addiction without the person even realizing it. Anyone can become addicted to drugs however, teenagers are more likely to be the ones experimenting them when drastic changes occur in their lives such as any big move, changes in school, relationship breakup, etc. Teens may think that they need to fit in at their new school or make new friends so they try to appear “cool” by using drugs. They can even partly blame themselves for a relationship breakup and suffer a great deal of emotional pain that they might want to numb by using drugs. Teens are more likely to start using cocaine habitually when there is something driving them to it while they are trying to run away from something distressing. As addicts begin to abuse cocaine habitually, their personality is changed and they become increasingly unpredictable. They also become extremely irritable and start to lose motivation to do anything. People who abuse cocaine also seem to be quite paranoid and anxious and they go through random bursts of energy which can manifest as hyperactivity, agitation, giddiness and even extreme outbursts of anger. It is important for everyone to know the signs and symptoms of cocaine abuse so that they can help their acquaintances by identifying the warning signs early and get them the help they need before they ruin their lives.