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Percocet Withdrawal and Detoxification

Percocet Withdrawal and Detoxification

Percocet is a narcotic analgesic, also called as the ‘White Collared Heroin’ The drug contains a combination of acetaminophen and Oxycodone. This increases the analgesic properties of Percocet. When the drug is taken in larger quantities, it produces a similar high as Heroine that is why the drug has a strong addictive potential. The addict simply chews and crushes the tablet to allow for the rapid absorption. Some individuals may snort or inject the drug to achieve the more rapid effects. People who become addicted to Percocet also use other substances in combination to achieve a better High. The withdrawal symptoms begin shortly after the last dose and they can vary in intensity from moderate to severe. The detoxification process is necessary to treat the drug abuse and addiction. The doctors vigilantly monitor the process and administer medicines according to the withdrawal symptoms of the patient.

Percocet Withdrawal Symptoms:

The withdrawal symptoms not only occur in those who use Percocet for the recreational purposes but also in individuals who are taking the drug for medicinal purposes. Hence, it is immensely important that the doses of the drug are taken strictly in accordance with the doctor’s prescription. Quitting the drug at once is not recommended as the withdrawal symptoms can be very intense and harmful to the patients. The process of detoxification should always be performed by the trained medical staff to reduce the withdrawal symptoms. The symptoms begin within few hours of the last dose and continue to increase in intensity for the next four to five days. Some of the withdrawal symptoms of Percocet include:

Physical Symptoms

  • Body aches
  • Abdominal cramping
  • Diarrhea
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Extreme sweating
  • Decreased appetite
  • Anxiety
  • Muscle cramping
  • Goosebumps
  • Tachycardia
  • Paranoia
  • Pupil dilatation
  • Runny nose
  • High blood pressure
  • Muscle spasms

Psychological symptoms

  • Anxiety
  • Hyperactivity
  • Poor concentration
  • Agitation
  • Aggression
  • Depression

Timeline for Percocet Withdrawal

The Withdrawal Timeline of the drug can vary, based on the factors like the dosages and how frequently the drug is consumed. The following is the general timeline for Percocet withdrawal.

  • 1stto 3rd Day: The half-life of the drug is four hours so the symptoms will start to appear within few hours of the last dose. They begin to peak in intensity and severity during this duration. For many individuals, the physical pain, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea can make the detoxification process very difficult. This is a very painful time period and effective medications are needed to reduce the symptoms.
  • 4thto 7th Day: The physical symptoms start to get worse during this period. Muscle aches, insomnia, chills and cramping disturb the patient. The person also starts to feel intense cravings during this time interval which can force the user to resume his drug consumption. An effective counseling is mandatory during this period.
  • 2ndweek: The physical symptoms start to fade away during the second week. Though the person continues to feel pain, cramping, vomiting, diarrhea, and insomnia, the intensity gets significantly reduced. At this stage, the psychological symptoms begin to set in; anxiety and depression are the main issues. Again, the counseling sessions and group therapies are helpful for the patient.
  • 3rdto 4th week: This is the time when the physical symptoms abate but the psychological symptoms like anxiety, irritability, and depression continue to peak. The duration and intensity of the symptoms depend on the duration of the drug abuse. Those who have been abusing for quite longer durations may continue to experience the physical symptoms as well.

Treatment Used to Ease Percocet Withdrawal Symptoms:

The withdrawal process can be very dangerous for the person. It is compulsory that the addicts undergo detoxification process in the proper medical facility under the supervision of trained personnel. This helps to reduce the intensity of symptoms and adverse effects on the body. Many medications are prescribed by the doctors that mimic the effects of the drug in the brain and lessen the intensity of withdrawal symptoms. Some of the medicines include:

  • Buprenorphine: It shortens the time interval required for the detoxification process.
  • Clonidine: It helps to reduce symptoms of anxiety, agitation, and diarrhea.
  • Methadone: It is used as an opioid replacement therapy.
  • Naltrexone: It helps to reduce the drug cravings.
  • Tramadol: It treats the body aches.

Tapering off Doses: This is another important method to minimize the withdrawal symptoms. Reducing the drug slowly over time can ease the withdrawal process. The major disadvantage associated with tapering doses is that the process is long and a strong willpower is needed. It also requires a proper monitoring and control system.

Natural methods: A regular exercise, yoga, and meditation can be very useful to mitigate the symptoms. It also effectively nourishes the body and helps to reduce the harmful effects caused by the drug. Moreover, some other common remedies can also be used. Peppermint and ginger tea reduces the gastrointestinal discomfort. Hot pads and hot baths are useful for the muscle aches and cramps.

Detoxification Process:

It is an important process to make the body gets rid of the drug. It has its own adverse effects like dehydration, nausea, vomiting, irritability, and agitation. If the person has been using the drug in combination with other narcotics or stimulants, there is a greater risk of multiple organ damage. Though the instances of death are very rare, they come on the list of complications. Therefore, it is mandatory that the process should be done in the proper medical facility with 24 hours monitoring and control. It is a very difficult period for the individual but it is the basic step of the treatment program. Once a successful detoxification has taken place, the rest of the recovery process becomes comparatively easier for the patient.