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Amphetamine Addiction Treatment and Rehabilitation

Amphetamines Withdrawal and Detoxification

Amphetamine addiction is among the most difficult drug addictions to get rid of. It is a brain disease that needs proper treatment to recover from. At SLO Recovery Centers, specialized treatment is provided to amphetamine addicts. We believe that every patient comes with individual needs so a treatment plan should be devised accordingly. Quitting the drug is the first step taken by the addict towards recovery. Withdrawal symptoms can make the process painful but enduring them is important to ensure a successful recovery. SLO Recovery Centers employs advanced techniques to make the process less painful.

Amphetamine withdrawal symptoms:

With the prolonged use, the body and mind of the addict become dependent on the drug to function normally. When the usage is quit, they show a violent reaction known as appearance of withdrawal symptoms. These symptoms can be so painful that the users often go back to the drug. They prefer abusing drug than going through the extreme pain. This is the reason it is recommended to go through detox at a specialized detox center. Relapse rate is decreased significantly when the help of experts is taken.

Symptoms produced due to amphetamine withdrawal are physical as well as psychological.

Physical symptoms:

  • Tremors
  • High appetite
  • Body aches
  • Difficulty in respiration
  • Headache
  • Excessive sleepiness
  • Feeling tired and fatigued
  • Nausea
  • Insomnia or disturbed sleep
  • Feeling restless
  • Vomiting
  • Excessive sweating
  • Blurred vision

Psychological symptoms:

  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Paranoia
  • Mood swings
  • Hallucinations
  • Extreme cravings
  • Irritability
  • Aggression
  • Nightmares
  • Lack of concentration

Withdrawal timeline for amphetamines:

The time taken for withdrawal may vary from one patient to the other depending upon a number of factors such as:

  • The time drug was abused for
  • Amount of the drug taken
  • Personal factors such as age, gender, weight etc

In most of the cases, the symptoms start to appear as soon as the drug is quit.

  • Days 1 to 3:

Within a few hours of last dose, withdrawal symptoms start to appear. The user feels restless and exhausted. Some of the common physical withdrawal symptoms experienced at this stage include headache, insomnia, dizziness and excessive exhaustion. Some users may also experience depression.

  • Days 4 to 8:

As the time passes, withdrawal symptoms begin to get better. After the first week, most of the physical symptoms start to fade away. However, they user may still feel exhausted and lethargic.

  • Days 9 to 14:

Insomnia kicks in and the user fails to fall asleep. He also experiences disturbed sleep and insomnia. As the effects of the drug are vanished, the user feels excessively hungry as the body tries to make up for lost nutrients and electrolytes.

  • Days 15 to 30:

By this time, most of the physical symptoms become better. However, psychological symptoms like anxiety and depression may exist. In some cases, these conditions may need proper treatment before they go away.

There can be great variations in this timeline depending upon the patient. It can serve as a guide rather than an absolute.

Detox process for amphetamines addiction:

Detoxification is a natural process carried out by the body to remove the toxins accumulated due to drug abuse. It starts as soon the drug is quit. The reason why addicts don’t experience withdrawal is that they constantly keep administrating more amounts of the drug into the body before it even gets a chance to completely remove the previous dose. It is possible to go through detox at home but it is not recommended by the experts due to serious physical and psychological symptoms associated with withdrawal. Sometime, these symptoms may aggravate to such a level that even death is resulted. This is the reason a patient should not be left unsupervised at any time.

The risk of complications is even higher for long term users or the polydrug users.

Is it possible to die of amphetamine withdrawal?

Yes, it is possible to die of amphetamine withdrawal. It is rare but it is possible. The death is not caused due to the absence of the drug itself but because of the symptoms produced by the absence of drug. The body uses all the possible means of cleansing such as nausea, vomiting and excessive perspiration. The person may become dehydrated to dangerous levels. Likewise, some psychological symptoms can become aggravated and can cause the patient to inflict self harm.

Medications used during amphetamine withdrawal:

Currently, there are no specific medications approved by FDA for the treatment of amphetamine addiction. However, a number of OTC medications can be prescribed by the doctors to make the process of withdrawal less painful.

  • Antipsychotics – These medications can be prescribed to manage symptoms like hallucinations and paranoia.
  • Antidepressants – Depression is a common problem faced due to stopping amphetamine use. Antidepressants can be immensely helpful to cope with depression.
  • Anti-anxiety medications – Anti-anxiety medications are prescribed by the doctors to manage anxiety in ex amphetamine addicts.
  • Anti emetics – These can be used to stop nausea and vomiting.
  • Sleep aids – These are prescribed to the patients struggling with insomnia which is a common side effect of quitting amphetamines

After withdrawal and detox, further treatment is provided to the patient depending upon his condition.