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Warning Signs, Symptoms and Side Effects of Lortab Abuse

Warning Signs, Symptoms and Side Effects of Lortab Abuse

Lortab is a combination of Hydrocodone and acetaminophen. Hydrocodone belongs to the opioid class and acetaminophen is a less potent over-the-counter pain relieving medicine. The combination boosts up the analgesic effects and forms a very effective painkiller that can alleviate the pain of severe intensity. The use of Lortab can lead towards addiction as the drug strongly stimulates the reward and pleasure centers of the brain. Abuse of Lortab can even be deadly. Not only because the narcotics suppress breathing but individuals who have become addicted to Lortab start abusing other much stronger opioids. It is a habit-forming drug and carries a high addiction potential. There are many harmful physical and psychological effects caused by the drug. Moreover, addiction ruins all the social, relationship and financial aspects of a human life. Rehabilitation in the proper centers is needed to rectify this issue.

Signs and Symptoms of Lortab Abuse:

There are several signs and symptoms that are associated with Lortab abuse and addiction. Unfortunately, the damaging effects go far beyond physical and psychological effects. A major problem is a dependency that develops with the continuous misuse. Moreover, an addiction to Lortab develops and the person can’t stop the drug unless properly assisted. Some of the signs and symptoms of Lortab abuse are listed as follows.

Physical Symptoms

  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Drowsiness
  • Itching
  • Edema
  • Weakness
  • Dizziness
  • Hyperventilation
  • Slow heartbeat
  • Hearing loss
  • Headache
  • Lightheadedness
  • Seizures
  • Muscle twitches
  • Constricted pupils
  • Constipation

Psychological Symptoms

  • Impaired concentration
  • Memory difficulties
  • Confusion
  • Delusions
  • Paranoia
  • Hallucinations
  • Addiction
  • Euphoria
  • Anxiety
  • Irritability
  • Frequent mood swings

Behavioral Symptoms

  • Doctor Shopping.
  • Stealing the drug and money.
  • The person becomes argumentative.
  • Social withdrawal
  • Impulsivity
  • Develops a dishonest behavior
  • Aggressive and uncontrollable.

Side Effects of Lortab Abuse:

The side-effects vary depending on the dose, frequency, duration, and mode of administration of the drug. They can range from mild to severe. Moreover, the side effects can start to appear within a short duration if higher amounts and frequent doses are consumed. Some of the effects like a permanent liver damage can be devastating for an individual.

  • Increased tendency of bleeding
  • Nausea and stomach aches
  • Seizures
  • Appetite loss
  • Itching
  • Constipation
  • Drowsiness
  • Jaundice
  • Blurred vision
  • Headache
  • Dry mouth
  • Bowel obstruction
  • Liver damage

Health Effects of Lortab: Short Term and Long Term

The short-term effects occur by altering the pain signaling pathways in the brain. The drug doesn’t cure the source of pain but modifies the perception of pain. As a potent drug, it effectively reduces the pain but the effects on reward centers initiate a High. The intense euphoric effects are not produced with the prescribed doses as the amount is small and for a limited duration. The higher or frequent doses produce the following short-term effects.

Short Term Effects of Lortab:

  • Euphoria and calmness
  • Drowsiness
  • Numbness
  • Reduced stress

Long-term Effects of Lortab:

Repeated misuse of the drug is very dangerous for the person. As the person develops the dependence on the drug, he requires the drug for the stable functioning of the system. Soon tolerance develops and dose is increased to achieve the higher effects. There develops a state of continuous presence of drug levels in the body. It starts to act as a poison and produce the following effects over the course of time,

  • Stomach pain
  • Jaundice
  • Clay-colored stools
  • Dark urine
  • Hearing loss
  • Memory loss
  • Mental problems

Lortab Overdose:

Lortab Overdose is a deadly condition. Many deaths have been reported due to the overdose. Following are the signs and symptoms.

Signs and symptoms of Lortab Overdose:

  • Cold and clammy skin
  • Yellowing of sclera and skin
  • Limp muscles
  • Unusual sweating
  • Extreme drowsiness
  • Vomiting
  • Hypotension
  • Abdominal pain
  • Apnea
  • Cardiac arrest
  • Insomnia
  • Unconsciousness
  • Kidney failure
  • Liver failure
  • Coma

Overdose Treatment:

The Overdose requires an immediate treatment. Restoring the oxygen supply by the method of CPR, ventilator or administering medicines for the reversal of respiratory symptoms is done on priority basis. The emergency room treatments include:

  • Oxygen supply.
  • Stomach wash
  • Activated charcoal as it absorbs undigested drug and prevents the further absorption.
  • Acetylcysteine is administered as an antidote of acetaminophen.
  • Maintenance of fluids and electrolytes balance.
  • Respiratory rate, pulse, and blood pressure are continuously monitored.
  • Antiemetic, laxatives, and mild analgesics.

Planning an intervention for Lortab problem:

The basic problem with the addicts is that they don’t realize that they are suffering from a very major issue. Even if they are aware of the negative consequences, they are not ready to approach any of the treatment facilities. Therefore, an intervention becomes necessary. There are some steps to be followed for an intervention. First, make a proper plan and invite all the family members, friends, psychologists, counselors and addiction specialists. Decide a suitable location. Make a list of points that will be said during the meeting. Schedule a date and time for the meeting. A careful planning is needed as the poorly planned meeting can further aggravate the situation. The addict may turn out to be more resistant towards the treatment or become more socially isolated.

The basic aim of the intervention is to focus on three major aspects.

  • To provide the examples of detrimental behaviors of an addict that have affected the health, family, relationships or work.
  • To offer a treatment plan with proper guidelines and clear steps.
  • Enforcement strategy, this involves the things that an addict will additionally face from the family, friends, and relatives if he refuses to accept the treatment plan.